latest news from 50 college coalition for sdgs
https://opensocietyuniversitynetwork.org/ events next past -access learning curves of educational revolutionaries ABC - Abed, Botstein, Crow ... Soros what do sdg-youth want to learn from & celebrate actionably with new york & UN & nature's borderless goals for human wellbeing? tours 10

,close encounters:
of healthy kind, of servant leader kind, of food security, of education kind, of credit kind, of solar kind, of other machine intel kind


afore ye go global with tech, value 4 humansAI system gravities
bullseye poverty; red community/family-sustaining goals 2-6
blue tradefor sdgs channel goals 7-12; 13-16 green revolution - not seen humansai : triangularise collaboration exponentials public, private by youth


edu as if all teens lives matter- see maps brooklyn, rest ny suburbs, rest ny state
health beyond covid with cuomohealth with bloomberg-hopkinshealth with james grant global school of vaccines and health
young scholars of us's number 1 monetary economist and philanthropist soros- economist for sdgs, global performing arts & fashions, multilingual youth ambassadors, twin city special vienna, dhaka:women's world's number 1 ngo coalition, berlin, palestine
global investment funds - soros:global board- deep data for every society and climate: bloomberg, blackstone, schwarzman
action-learning networks of ban ki-moon, jim kim, & antonio guterres
- schwab links unga with 5 hubs of industrial rev 4 - san fran, tokyo, beijing delhi, geneva as well as world economics davos winter and world innovation champions china summer and 400 global youth shapers hubsfall priority young journalism briefs- chennai bay and carribean for america's most powerful woman

Monday, January 18, 2021

https://compact.org/initiatives/carnegie-community-engagement-classification/

great discussion today of applying carnegiE engagement process in other countries - thanks to participants in africa,  aus and canada - also TO US MODERATOR ALBION IN MICHIGAN AND OF COURSE TALLOIRE AND BARD/OSUN

ust caught event on it with 5 views Photo by Karl Rabe
Monday, January 18, 2021
2:00 pm – 3:00 pm EST/GMT-5 
Online Event

Panelists: 
Mapendo Mindje, Graduate Student, University of Rwanda (Rwanda)
Verity Firth, Executive Director, Social Justice, University of Technology Sydney (Australia)
Leslie Van Rooi, Senior Director, Social Impact and Transformation, Stellenbosch University (South Africa)
Joanne Curry, Vice President, External Relations, Simon Fraser University (Canada)

Moderated by Mathew Johnson, President, Albion College (US) michigan - i will look to see if its on replay

Sunday, January 17, 2021

economistdiary.com 2021 - which events offer humans 3rd and last chance to love each other enough to sustain all children

story if children of 2000s are not invested and educated as first sd generation its the enbd of our species - see our 1984 book www.2025report.com

1st chance 1760s when 2 people at glasgow university started up the age of machines and humans - come revisit what they mapped and what happenened since forst 2 weeks november glasgow cop26 especially saturday nov 6 when guu buildings will host yout valuation events and celebrate first 10 years of the journal of youth economics and nbew youth university coalitions

2nd chance almost all nations borthed the un 1945 at opera house san francisco- 2 missions reboot major economies; free and sustain those who had been colonised

by 1960 things were looking amazingly possible
thanks to the legacy of von neumann moon races, satellite connectivity, artificial intel labs, computing were blossoming - out of mit facing atlantic coast, out of stanford facing pacific coast  .. futureoflife.org

japan had adopted 2 other americans solutions as more urgent for the two thirds of humans living on asian continent which largely japan and british empires had up to 1940s left behind - eg villagers with no access to electricity grids

borlaugs rice and veggies science was the first village network solution- at least a billion people were saved from famine - soo this was joined by other villagers solutions to prevent infants from dying including oral rehydration and immunization - the economist called this rural keynesianism - since its solutions are poorly understood in west- we aim to celebrate it here 
One of them is communist China, which has been following a policy which Macrae calls "rural Keynesianism." The others are "capitalist roaders" such as South ...
Apr 20, 1978 — Macrae, deputy editor of The Economist, call'> China's present-day rural Keynesianism are expressions of that compulsion. Washington and ...
and-with our close encounters series which started at glasgow journal of new economics in 2011 and which we aim to find 2021 partners to update anywhere -to help rsvp chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk

demings better quality engineering led japan korea , taiwan into a whole range of innovations american manufacturers did not have energy for - bullet trains, contaier shipping, other solutions for building 20 million plus megacities, microelectronics, - this type of new economy spread down far east islands japan taiwan hong kong singapore and was first celebrated on the continent by south korea; from 1996 china

Sunday, December 6, 2020

towards cases composing an sdg curriculum

please help us with goal by goal lessons 

 goal 17 partners youth triangularuses private public partnership pop 2.0 - preferential option poor includes priortising how can each leap in tech apply to poorest going post-colonial-

 the first 185 years of glasgow uni's man and machines (first engineer james watt, first ethical economic mapping adam smith) ended in 2 world wars- the age of empires had failed to exclude eg access to electricity bgrids to over three quarters including continental asians majority of humans, and the south; 

the birth of the united nations san francisco opera house 1945- 5 extraordinary technologies mainly innovated by americans before 1960 -three tech advances closely connected with hungarian american john von neumann- father of programable computer, rapid development in communications media - tv satellite telecoms, space: nuclear- plus deming's transformation of the quality of being an engineering worker plus borlaug's leaps in village food security without which probably a billion would have starved over a billion asians mothers empowered their sons and daughter development beyond poverty aid needed changing from top down government bureaucratics to direct skills/cash transfers and wherever possible microfranchising village businesses with positive cashflow-- 

- economist survey rural keynesianism reports solutions shared by villagers in bangladesh and south china-- the 50 year curriculum of this 2020-1970 is most simply benchmarked round the solutions catalogue of fazle abed - so we try to comment on his solutions linked to the very poorest as well as others solutions

million-killer events -extreme poverty where life expectancy is in the 40s not the sixties or more
fazle abed experienced four and half events that were killing a million people each i his homeland during the 1970s
1 cyclone 1970 - probably the most concentrated cyclone on human record that killed a million people all around him in a week or so
2war of independence and displacement of peoples along religious lines 1971
3 famine 1974's was the biggest the region had seen
4 up to a third of children dying before the age of 5 - either due to diarrhea or not having enough nutrition during the first 100 days
4.5 many times more mothers dying of childbirth than other countries

if your places average life expectancy has not reached at least the 60s -due to these or other reasons you observe - then resilient community building to change this comes first - it connects all 6 goals together with disaster preparedness which in places without access to electricity requires urgent word of mouth networking as well as cultural/skills preparedness

jim kim whose life has been dedicated to health of the poorest until his 6 year stint at the world bank has made it very clear- national economic growth plans are not worth the paper they are written on if any of these basic human development structures are not in place- in other words health safe societies generate strong economies not vice versa

what brac did from year 2 of the new nation of bangladesh was identify health and nutrition including rehdration solutions that every rural family needed to apply- the capacity of community health turned out to be smething only vilagemothers could offer requiring both adult education programs eg every mother knowing how to rehydrate an infant with fever caused by diaarthea,  and wherever possible microfranchising positove cashflo family business- rice and other local agricultural solutions. a village para health franchise where mothers could make a living from 10 most hasin solutions of infant/maternal health

you can see that all of goals 2 hunger 3 health 4 education 5 changing the culture valuing womens productivity as much as men, 6 sanitation need skilled solutions and to build these finance designed for the poorest village women of bangladesh and asia needed invention of its own banking and bottom up grant systems


goal 1 poverty
the total system of allocating credit/money needs transformation wherever the extreme poverty of the type illustrated above occurs; there is a back from the future element to this- when new technologies eg solar as a leap beyond historic electricity grids, mobile as a leap beyond wired telecoms landed on mother earth, partnerships designing poorest applications needed to be prioritised; becausse sir fazle abed had risen in his twenties and early thirties to be regional ceo of royal dutch shell oil company he was always questioning timing for such possibilities though as we can see the first half of his 50 years of empowering rural womens networks brac 1072-1976 literally connected person to person training and support systems

while listing of goal solutions makes sense chronologically for goal 2-6, it may help every financier to see they have sustainability lessons to connect with abed's knowledge to describe the back from the future financial system abed had built by his death in 2019

partners of bkash brac's digital cash for the unbanked system early 200s to 2019 - bill gates has clarified he sees this as emerging as the most populous system serving over a billion unbanked

ultra a grant and apprentice system for the very poorest before they use financial services - started in bangladesh international partnership have extended to 8 countries and the overall method won the nobel economics proze 2019
 rural microfiance plus- the village circle system started by brac in the late1970s as soon as tens of thousands of mothers were operating village microfranchises- almost all of which had through fazle abed innovations redesigned the whole value chain of a market to value the productivity as well as empowerment of village mothers
from late 1990s city bank- funding small enterprises in cities from savings of daughters and sons who as second generation had moved from village o city
various forms of merchant banking for the poor not the least remittances- up to a third of bangladesh's income comes from diaspora remittances- brac international hq in netherlands seeks to help design the lowest cost remittance to village system as well as intercae development partners which has turned brag into the lathest ngo partnership in the world

 has long been anticipated as a transformational opportunity beyond any traps that paper money inadvertently or deliberately spun
latest un update sept 2020 - over 4 years digital task force has consulted wizards from 30 nations such as melinda gates and jack ma - all sorts of ai finance ideas are being piloted including sme stockmarket in one african country; its commonly agreed that the most scaleable solution for up to a billion unbanked is www.bkash.com connecting partners of fazle abed; however each digital market offices an opportunity to design digital cash for poorest - see eg jack ma's connection of finance to ecommerce; others are racing over deep data in markets such as health, agriculture, media of those whose demographics/lives matter had been included- all of these leap fowards are connected with universal accessibility of last phones only imaginable recently

village smartphones began bagladesh with grant from soros and mit tech wizards the quadir family - african cell phones for the oor took a lead with eg mpesa; all of this learning curve was integraed by bkash

during abed's first 25 years of empowering poorest village phones there were no electo=ricity grids let alone smart phones- so he developed microfinance wherever a replicabke village microfranchise could be developed -listed in other goals- as well as direc training grant process for the ultra poor

Monday, November 23, 2020

UPDATE FROM BRAC UNI VC VC

 

Publish Date: 
November 23rd, 2020

Facilitating online education at Brac University has been one of Vice-Chancellor Professor Vincent Chang’s most important responses to the Covid-19 pandemic. Virtual classes and the introduction of buX will path ways to the next generation of learning and teaching. Recently, he has been taking steps to strengthen the university’s ties with our international partners.

UK High Commissioner supporter of higher education in Bangladesh

The British High Commissioner to Bangladesh Robert Chatterton Dickson invited Professor Chang and VP International Jonathan Cartmell to his residence last week. The meeting was held under strict precautions due to the ongoing pandemic. Together with the Country Director of British Council Tom Miscioscia, they decided to establish a liaison between British universities and Brac University. The United Kingdom will help to improve higher education in Bangladesh. Such educational endeavours will greatly impact the international culture at the Brac University. 



(from left to right: Jonathan Cartmell, Tom Miscioscia, Robert Chatterton Dickson, Vincent Chang)

OSUN opening up new opportunities for Brac University

In the spirit of internationalization and online education, Professor Chang stayed closely connected to the Open Society University Network (OSUN) leadership team during lockdown. The network actively promotes virtual education and a lively exchange between the partnering institutions. Brac University was able to offer summer online classes to its students with renown institutions like Princeton University, Bard College and Central European University. 



(from left to right: Jonathan Becker, Leon Botstein, Vincent Chang)

While maintaining social distance and taking precautions, Professor Chang visited Jonathan Becker, Vice-Chancellor of OSUN, and Leon Botstein, President of Bard College, a few weeks ago in Annandale-on-Hudson, New York, USA. Bard College functions as the basis of OSUN and connects the partners and their initiatives. The three leaders spoke about the successful launch of the network, despite the challenges that the Covid-19 pandemic provided. OSUN links up universities and research institutions globally, which naturally places it in a position to communicate virtually. So, the restrictions imposed by the pandemic didn’t hamper the network’s mission. Going forward, Professor Chang discussed multiple collaborations with Brac University that will improve its educational capacity.

Sunday, September 27, 2020

sustainability uni coalition - as the crow flies

 y6 crow arizona osun

.HESI Special Event: Where Next? Reimagining Further Education for the Future
The SDG Academy
On July 8, 2020, the Higher Education Sustainability Initiative (HESI) hosted this special event alongside the United Nations ...

transcript extract 80.40  president arizona state uni, with covid and other www community crises, we are where we are, not only because of politics and capitalism, but at the root of it all is us the universities- we are universally inadequate to what lies ahead in terms of the future of our species and our relationship to our beautiful planet which we are all dependent on -let me outline 5 inadequacies

1 we are inadequate in terms of our self-awareness- institutions of higher edu of the net outcome of our design – why do we have business schools that are teaching economic models that are working against our own in sustainability, why do we have a lack of communication between chemists and biologists and economists and engineers and philosophers and historians and everyone else -82:33
inadequate. We are wholly, universally inadequate to
82:38 what lies ahead in terms of the future of our species and our relationship with 82:42
this beautiful planet that we're all dependent on it. Let me outline five
82:47 arguments for that. First, I think that we're inadequate in terms of our
82:52 self-awareness, as an institution of higher education or as institutions of 82:56 higher education, of the net outcome of our design. Why do we have business 83:00 schools teaching economic models that are in fact working against our own 83:06 sustainability? Why do we have a lack of communication between chemists 83:13and biologists and economists and engineers and philosophers and 83:18 historians and everyone else who sit inside university environments arguing 83:24 with each other in ways that are not just about intellectual development but 83:28 are in some ways inane? And so we have never thought ourselves, 83:35 we've never been adequately focused on our own self-awareness to understand 83:41
that in fact our highly disciplinary design, as Jeff Sachs indicated, our
83:46 highly structured way of doing things, our way in which theories evolve, our 83:50 ways in which faculty are recognized, the ways in which knowledge is advanced, the 83:55 net outcome of all of that is exactly where we are in terms of a non- sustainable trajectory,83:59 the non-sustainable trajectory that we're on is 84:03 a product of us. Point number one. Point number two: that same university 84:10 enterprise, that same higher education enterprise, is inadequate in terms 84:15 of its production of systems-level tools. We're an observer. We're obsessed with 84:22
reductionism. We're obsessed with the belief that somehow if we can only
84:26 understand everything down to the atomic scale, if we could only understand 84:31 everything at the genetic and sub-genetic mechanism, that somehow we would 84:37 be able to find the solution to all things. And so the answer is, no,84:41 reductionism is not the method by which we will gain an understanding of the 84:46 interconnectedness of the systems of the planet and the role of humans. It's only 84:50 through our ability to emerge systems-level thinking of equal 84:55 intellectual stature and of equal intellectual value. Third, our 85:01 universities and our higher education systems in the United States and in 85:05 other parts of the world are completely inadequate in terms of their 85:08 intellectual diversification, their cultural diversification, their socioeconomic diversification,85:13 their lack of recognition of indigenous cultures and
85:18 indigenous knowledge, the dismissal of entire cultural paradigms, all around 85:26 this notion of somehow there being one path and one trajectory and one route 85:31 forward. Well, there isn't. And this lack of diversification, lack of women in 85:37 science, technology, engineering, and math, lack of cultural diversification at 85:43 universities which actually is accelerating not decelerating. That 85:47 lack of diversification is accelerating if you look around the world, is in fact 85:52 limiting our overall intellectual contribution. We have a narrower and 85:57
narrower intellectual contribution ,not a broader and broader intellectual
86:01 contribution. So that's the third factor that I think is a key part of the design 86:06 limits. I think forth, and I would probably rank 86:10 this actually first, universities really don't care as institutions about much of
86:14 anything. They care about bringing in faculty. They care about hiring faculty.86:19They care about having students. They care about their budgets. They care about 86:23 arguing with the government to get more money. But they don't really care 86:26 about sustainable outcomes as an institution. They do not take activist 86:32 positions, intellectual activist positions, as Jeff has built his career 86:36 around, and some of the rest of us have been fighting for decades. We just 86:40 sit back and say, "Well, we did what we could do. We educated the people we could 86:43 educate. We put out the theories that we could put out, and
86:46 we're really sorry that the politicians are too stupid or or too 86:51
lazy or businesses are too greedy or too selfish." And so this notion of not taking 86:57 some sense of responsibility, we don't realize that it is in fact our own lack 87:03 of transdisciplinary capability, our own lack of adequate, our own lack of 87:09 diversification. It's our own lack of systems-level thinking, it's our own 87:13 obsession with reductionism that actually has brought us to this point. So 87:18 when we look out and we're concerned about rapidly rising CO2 levels or we're 87:21 concerned about the overwhelming human consumption, and a manifestly negative
87:28 overwhelming consumption of fresh water, or the elimination of the entire fishing 87:33 stock or conservation disruptions on a global 87:37
scale of geological time, we don't realize that that we're responsible for
87:43 that. If you take response⁠—if you know you've contributed to something and it's not87:47going well, if you're a responsible person or a responsible institution, you 87:51 change what you're doing. We don't have much change in what we're doing.87:54 Fifth on my list is, universities are archaic, at least in the European model, 88:01 archaic, slow, non-adaptable, non-technologically sophisticated 88:05 institutions. We're not moving at the speed of climate change. We're not moving
88:11at the speed of complexity, of complexification. We're too slow. We have 88:17no sense of time. We might argue about something for 15 years and in the same 88:22 15 years the Ross Ice Shelf cracked off of Antarctica and led to some 88:27 massive change in the in the ocean circulation cycle and thus impacting 88:34 climate etcetera, etcetera. So the five points here: inadequate self-awareness,88:38 inadequate emergence of systems-level thinking, wholly inadequate 88:42 diversification of the university itself, no sense of moral duty or moral 88:46responsibility as institutions, and inadequate speed and adaptability. If we 88:51 don't change those things, there's not going to be any climate adaptation or 88:55 climate change. There's not going to be movement back towards a sustainable 88:59
trajectory because we're not producing the people, the ideas, the tools, the
89:04 mechanisms, the devices, the theories, the assumptions⁠—the young students who 89:08 are just presenting, they get this. They understand that they enter a university 89:12 which is in fact an archaic institution,incapable of having self-awareness 89:17 relative to where we're headed. So what are we doing at my institution arizona state, we've 89:22 done everything and then some, and still it's a slow slog. We've built the Global 89:28
Futures Laboratory, the Global Institute of Sustainability. We're
89:31 dramatically lowering our carbon footprint. We have thousands and
89:34 thousands of students. We change the design of engineering. We changed parts 89:38 of the design of our business schools. We built a new school on the Future of 89:41 Innovation and Society, a new School of Sustainability, and we're still moving 89:47 too slow. And so I think the point I'd like to make to 89:50 the audience here is, let's listen to these students. They have a sense, they 89:54 have an awareness, and they are able to see immediately upon entry into our
89:59 bureaucratic institutions that we're inadequate to the assignment and we 90:06 ought to take that as a serious, serious criticism. Now let me tell you 90:09
what's happening right now. So right now, and COVID sort of expresses this, we are 90:14 largely as colleges and universities place-based institutions, driven where we 90:21think that excellence is a function of who we exclude, and this is true all over 90:24 the world, where our structure, our technology, our flexibility, our 90:29
adaptability are completely inadequate. So my message to ministers, to UN leaders,90:35 to SDSN leaders, to higher education leaders, to students, to faculty, is that 90:40 let's shake it up. It is time to shake the foundation of the universities and 90:45 have them raise their hand and say, "Yes. We want to be responsible for the 90:50 climate outcome of our planet, for our species outcome, for the 90:56 sustainability of our species." And to do that we're going to have to change 91:00 everything down to the root. So I think that's about 12 minutes and I'll 91:05 stop there.91:13

Ok. Thank you, President Crow. I like the way you framed it because this
bio of crow

Dr. Michael M. Crow is an educator, knowledge enterprise architect, science and technology policy scholar and higher education leader. He became the sixteenth president of Arizona State University in July 2002 and has spearheaded ASU’s rapid and groundbreaking transformative evolution into one of the world’s best public metropolitan research universities. As a model “New American University,” ASU simultaneously demonstrates comprehensive excellence, inclusivity representative of the ethnic and socioeconomic diversity of the United States, and consequential societal impact.

Lauded as the ”#1 most innovative” school in the nation by U.S. News & World Report (2016-2020), ASU is a student-centric, technology-enabled university focused on complex global challenges related to sustainability, economic competitiveness, social embeddedness, entrepreneurship and global engagement. Under Dr, Crow’s leadership, ASU has established twenty-five new transdisciplinary schools, including the School of Earth and Space Exploration, the School for the Future of Innovation in Society and the School of Human Evolution and Social Change, and launched trailblazing multidisciplinary initiatives including the Biodesign Institute, the Julie Ann Wrigley Global Institute of Sustainability, and important initiatives in the humanities and social sciences.

Monday, August 24, 2020

your sustainability games

-when you turn over a game card it tells you what "new world" questions over how many years people have explored futures started around the named person & gives you some references to click worldwide

ecommerce for example as 21st c world biggest market makers both bezos and j.ma started asking the same question in 1995 -

sequentially, they mapped very different answers for what ecommerce could be

 bezos had to immediately get money from wall street- he assumed he had to own things consumers wanted to buy- he chose books as first e-market because if he could e-market that category with millions of products he could market any category

j ma had about 10 years to find funding partners both in stanford with jerry yang and tokyo masa son-he had chance to map back future of smart mobiles and china's new infrastructure before he really scaled- he was always asking development question- livelihoods of his generation and integrating rural and urban china-

ma was also the leading dual language teacher of his generation, curious about the whole world while bezos had no such cultural or lives matter raison d'etre- when you're 90 day reporting to wall street you dont have time to think outside the box even when 7.5 billion peoples lives may be impacted

 j.ma chose to design algorithms around the data of local and global delivery -when it comes to a nation or region you love, whose 25 years of ecommerce celebrations values lives matter most?

when you value a quarter a century more than quarter of a year,  the exponential consequences of what tech multiplied can be extraordinary- according to because moore's law -which silicon valley was branded around eg by leland stanford junio alumni since 1972,  after compounding 100 quarters of a year, you can expect brings 30000+ more analytic intel than eg bezos started up with in seattle 1995

 eg today china can ship and do a virus test for anyone anywhere in china within 36 hours for less than 5 dollars usa cant ship and do a virus test for less than 100 dollars and in under 10 days- its not bezos fault but he privatised 90-day profit-making the data platform and ai -whereas jack m's market mapsa were linked in for equality with 1.5 billion people in china and anyone/anywhere his friends including ai wizards whom jerry yang searched around stanford and masa son connected out of tokyo

history note - californian leland stanford junior died  aged 15 of typhoid while touring europe 1884- his parents founder stanford alumni so that youth futures could be healthier as well as greater
=======================
LSJ was the only child of Governor of California Leland Stanford and his wife Jane Stanford (née Lathrop). His mother was 39 years old when he was born, after 18 years of childless marriage to Leland Stanford.

Illness and death[edit]

Leland caught typhoid two months before his 16th birthday, while on a Grand Tour of Europe with his parents. He originally fell ill in Athens. His parents rushed him to Italy for medical treatment, first to Naples, then to Rome, and eventually to Florence, where he died after weeks of alternately improving and worsening condition.[2]

Stanford University[edit]

Leland Stanford Sr. told his wife that "the children of California shall be our children."[3][4][5] To honor their son upon returning to the United States, the Stanfords devoted their fortune to a memorial in his name: Leland Stanford Junior University. The university opened its doors in 1891.
Leland Stanford Jr. is interred beside his parents at the Stanford family mausoleum on the Stanford campus. After the death of his father on June 21, 1893, his mother guided the development of the university until her murder on February 28, 1905.

Nomenclature[edit]

Although the university is generally referred to as "Stanford University" or "Stanford", its official name is still "Leland Stanford Junior University", as seen on the university seal.[6]

FAZLE ABED IS CELEBRATED FOR HALF A CENTURY OF HELPING HALF A BILLION VILLAGE WOMEN END POVERTY- HE IS LESS WELL KNOWN FOR STARTING UP THE COALITION OF 21ST C NEW UNI
-THE FIRST WOMAN TO SUPPORT HIS IDEA : SHEIKHA MOZA FIRST LADY OF QATAR

Sunday, August 23, 2020


what changes would 200 universities need to make if urgently valuing sustainability generation is the reason why we still the purpose of parenting
.
extract from transcript 1 of 5 - the life in an hour of sir fazle abed
50.00 Usually when the Chinese ambassador to Bangladesh calls me he is looking for ideas on poverty alleviation, but back in 2011 I suddenly got a call asking me about a different sort of noble project : did I have ideas on how china could avoid the middle income trap – it turned out the economist had just done a survey on that https://www.economist.com/special-report/2011/06/25/beware-the-middle-income-trap Do you have ideas about things that we (China) can do to avoid the middle income trap?
51:05 I said off the cuff I'll tell you one or two things that I think will be important for you to do to avoid middle income trap because the two countries that have become high-income countries in our region during the last thirty years are Singapore and Korea
and what have they done that peer countries in the region didn't do, I can see only two things
51:39 one thing singapore built a very high quality university designed to be the powerhouse of creating jobs, and enterprise innovation all kinds of things like that… so did korea…so if you want to build China as a high income country for one fifth of the human race, then you have to build a dozen Oxfords, dozen Cambridges dozen Harvard/MIT and dozen Stanford
do that and then you China can build a high income Society
52:22 And the ambassador said why is this? so I said well it's because in order to build these
universities you need to endow them well and you have to give complete freedom to and for the intellect- intellectual freedom will mean no controls of state – you will have to forego that -- you can't you can't get the faculty to think only on what the party line is
52:56
the other thing is that they must be self-governing institutions -universities : if you can build that then you will have a high income Society- if you can’t then you fail