INDUSTRIAL REV 260th GAMES-cards of sdg-gen
..
diary: next UN sdg-games
250th year review of moral sentiments and industrial revolution
.
www.ukcop26.org/volunteerwelcome to SDGscotland.com lifelong action learning on ending poverty, celebrating health #AIforgood (glasgow's 260th year of first engineer james watt & first IR economist adam smith): growing green:
America's john kerry: glasgow november is humanity's last best chance ...economistdiary.com next un zoom -2021 year of living dangerously close to extinction -
THANKS be TO Glasgow U alumn fazle abed- small may be beautiful but in ending poverty, large scale coalition empowering women community building is essential..1billiongirls.com asks how many 1 billion dollar sdg investments a year can women empowerment coalitions inspire: brac bangladesh billion dollar microfinance loans ; abed ultra poor billion dollar grants a year; bkash billion dollar cashless banking for poor ; brac bank billion dollar youth engagement and sme city bank; billion dollars of lowest cost remittances; billion dollar investments in each of 5 ages of schooling ; billion dollar vaccine empowering poorest families grants ; 10 agricultural value chains whose crop sxcience and ai data is networked around poorest asian farmers...

IR43210-four industrial revolutions have emerged since
1760 when 2 scots watt and smith began IR1 the age of humans and machines focusing first on machine energy/power way beyond that of horse and man-
since 1957 - thanks to legacy of john von neumann- it has been possible to map ut 5 types of economies with 2 new ones IR3, IR4 being added by alumni of von neumann;
in between IR2 -telecoms revolutions started to scale when scot alexander bell offered americans first opportunity tp scale telephones across a continent .. soon telegrams and phones were being supplemented by radio, then television - then satellite telecoms which was to mobilise personal and societal devices; whilst IR4 has accelerateds as the most valuable games human livelihoods ever played from late 2000s both with unprecedented data connecting worldwide human decision-making and by then over a billion times more computing power than had coded moon landing- while the monetary rise may focus ever more on ir4;
nonetheless sustainability's last chance in 2020s depends on integration starting from IR0-
in 2021 half a billion asian women celebrated having lifted a billion out of the most extreme poverty -under a dollar a day- it is their work that needs to be included in the way millennials understand mother earth if they are to be the first sustainability generation.
300 trillion dollars of pension funds not one cent invested in sdgswashington dc last soft power debate before covid lockdown
goal 3- market last mile health
3.1
*oral rehydration & cholera
*village door to door non-prescription plus search
*vaccination services
*tuberculosis
*WASH
*other tropical

goal 2 -last mile market human energy eg water , milk, rice, one vitamin veggie are essential to rural life
*rice
*other veggie
*dairy
*poultry
*fishery
*cash/green agriculture: tea, silk, forrestry, cold storage

goal 1 relevant village financing essential if local entrepreneurs to scale positive incomes beyond endless charity:
microfranchising models completely change aid - grants only for demonstrable capacity- bottom up trust investment
microfinance+
ultra grad- pre mf
sme citizen bank
remittances part of brac internatioal
cashless banking ppor bkash
goal 4 livelihood action learning needed at every age group -both students and teachers:
interactions between every age group primary
college
early or pre-adolescence
pre-school

the archives of fazle abed - collected by friends - have we missed a keynote lecture rsvp chris.macrae@yahoo.co.uk

community resiliency is needed both to be ready for climate challenges, legal protection eg where more powerful citizens dump waste on poorer, and so that underclasses do not exst- if any demographic is exluded from productivity sustainability is impossible to generate .................
brac began with building for 100000 refugees - 16000 homes at under$2 per home- eg village males built own homes- from then on, brac raised livelihoods of women from close to 0% to 100% -in parallel china wasa undergoing women hold up half sky revolution- consequently village women empowered to swap solutions -ultimately ending extreme poverty of billion rural people over 45 year period
barefoot lawyers
initial sanitation design pit latrines-
by building 100000 regional lab as early as 1972- brac could test service concepts -and then scale across all 60000+ villages -fast with life saving action learning eg oral rehydration, vaccines - as steadily as investment trust could scale moicrofranchieses of positive cashflow village mothers businesses- overall brac's servant leasership model scaled faster than top down goverment which at time of indeoenence had barely any tax revenue and few engineering skilled people matching abed's 10 years experience which had seen him rise as engineer to region ceo of royal dutch shell oil company
asia rising survey's from The Economist - norman macrae
7 May 1977 survey Two Billion People- Asia ..1975 Asian Pacific Century 1975-2075 1977 survey China

join the forums of friends of worlds record job's sir fazle abed abed
......as reported economist asia rising 1975-77- two uniquely asian models -belt capital roadsters and rural keynianism have sustianed rise of 70% of humans who are asian -because of western empires vast majority of people on asian continent had been left out of first industrial revolutions - not being on electricity grids they were left out of both ir1 carbon powers industrial revolution and ir2 telecoms revolution ; by 1960 japan korea south and far east islands had recovered from world war 2 - they linked in the roadster model and from 1972 bangladesh became the worlds open lab for rural keynes while from 1976 china became a rural girls networker as well as multipier of the radster model- so the purest models of how half a billion women ended extreme poverty come from bangladesh coalitions but the biggest rise come from how china multiplied both models on a contiental scale
latest news from 50 college coalition for sdgs
https://opensocietyuniversitynetwork.org/ events next past -access learning curves of educational revolutionaries ABC - Abed, Botstein, Crow ... Soros what do sdg-youth want to learn from & celebrate actionably with new york & UN & nature's borderless goals for human wellbeing? tours 10......

,close encounters:
of healthy kind, of servant leader kind, of food security, of education kind, of credit kind, of solar kind, of other machine intel kind


afore ye go global with tech, value 4 humansAI system gravities
bullseye poverty; red community/family-sustaining goals 2-6
blue tradefor sdgs channel goals 7-12; 13-16 green revolution - not seen humansai : triangularise collaboration exponentials public, private by youth


edu as if all teens lives matter- see maps brooklyn, rest ny suburbs, rest ny state
health beyond covid with cuomohealth with bloomberg-hopkinshealth with james grant global school of vaccines and health
young scholars of us's number 1 monetary economist and philanthropist soros- economist for sdgs, global performing arts & fashions, multilingual youth ambassadors, twin city special vienna, dhaka:women's world's number 1 ngo coalition, berlin, palestine
global investment funds - soros:global board- deep data for every society and climate: bloomberg, blackstone, schwarzman
action-learning networks of ban ki-moon, jim kim, & antonio guterres
- schwab links unga with 5 hubs of industrial rev 4 - san fran, tokyo, beijing delhi, geneva as well as world economics davos winter and world innovation champions china summer and 400 global youth shapers hubsfall priority young journalism briefs- chennai bay and carribean for america's most powerful woman

Saturday, March 6, 2021

 https://www.mcleodgroup.ca/2019/12/sir-fazle-hasan-abed-master-builder/

Sir Fazle Hasan Abed: Master Builder

Sir Fazle Hasan Abed: Master Builder

By Ian Smillie, December 30, 2019

Several members of the McLeod Group had the privilege of knowing and working with Sir Fazle Hasan Abed, the founder of BRAC, one of the world’s top NGOs (see our recent blog). He passed away on December 20, and we wanted to share an appreciation of him with our readers. His biography can be found on the BRAC website. We offer our sincere condolences to his family, to BRAC, and to all those whose lives were touched by him.   

It is impossible to overestimate the importance of BRAC in the global effort to end poverty. It is equally difficult to separate its success from the life and work of the man who created and steered it through almost five decades, Sir Fazle Hasan Abed – “Abed bhai” to his colleagues, “Abed” to his friends.

BRAC’s size and reach are – by any measure – staggering. Its microfinance lending, mostly to poor rural women, exceeds $1 billion a year. Although BRAC is a leader in the field of microfinance – touted for a few years as the miracle remedy for poverty – Abed never saw it as a cure-all. In his mind, the key to ending poverty was new, productive enterprise. Poor people, especially women and especially in rural areas, had to make things. And to do that, they had to be better linked to resources – seeds, fertilizer, knowledge, finance – and to markets. BRAC’s social enterprises in dairy, poultry, silk, handicrafts, seed multiplication, and a dozen other areas, have created hundreds of thousands of livelihoods, and in time they generated income that has made BRAC largely self-financing. Microfinance was the fuel in the tank, but the engine was always innovative, productive enterprise.

The BRAC Bank, completely separate from the microfinance operations, holds deposits of more than $2 billion and has a Moody’s long-term credit rating as good as that of Barclays Bank. Facts like these might catch the eye of a banker. But BRAC was and remains an NGO with its primary focus on social development, ranked for the past four years by the Geneva-based NGO Advisor as Number 1 on a list of 500 global non-profits.

BRAC pioneered non-formal primary education, mostly for girls, aiming to give literacy, dignity and hope to the next generation of mothers. Its groundbreaking oral rehydration training programs in the 1970s reached nine out of ten rural households in Bangladesh. That, along with innovative health, nutrition and sanitation programs, contributed to a seven-fold reduction in the country’s child mortality. Fewer child deaths, better education and more economic opportunity, especially for women, led to a three-fold drop in the fertility rate, ending worries about unchecked population growth.

There’s hardly an area of human development that BRAC hasn’t touched in a meaningful way, taking some of its best lessons to Africa and other parts of Asia. Fazle Hasan Abed did not accomplish this all on his own. But he was able to find and motivate others – individuals, government departments, donor agencies and some of the world’s most powerful and influential policy makers. His ambition was boundless, but it rested on a quiet charisma that inspired devotion and made mountains seem scalable. He listened far more than he spoke.

I first met Abed in 1973, when BRAC was just a handful of people working out of a flat in Motijheel. It was an unlikely, almost accidental enterprise, created by a man whose life until then couldn’t possibly have suggested what was to come. He had lived comfortably for several years in London, and then worked as a senior Shell Oil accountant in Chittagong. There, he took time off to spearhead relief efforts following the 1970 cyclone and the 1971 War of Independence.

Discovering the deeply entrenched poverty he had failed to notice during his privileged youth, he created what he thought would be a small, time-bound demonstration effort to show what might be accomplished with a few farming cooperatives, adult literacy and health training. A lesser man would have run from the resulting failures, but for Abed, they were lessons to be remembered and applied to the much bigger voyage on which he then embarked.

When I was completing research in 2009 for a book about BRAC, Freedom from Want, and trying to think about what had made it so successful, outsiders frequently told me it was Abed’s experience with the private sector. I always doubted that. Shell perhaps gave him useful perspectives on money and management, but it could not have been the source of his ingenuity, his compassion and sense of injustice, his willingness to take risks and his insistence on learning what works, what does not, and why. He told me that a lot of it was luck, and laughed, quoting Napoleon: “Give me lucky generals.”

I investigated the concept of luck and found a good summary: “Being ready for the opportunity.” Abed was always able, better than most, to see and understand opportunity. By that definition, “luck” may well have played a part.

He suggested I talk with an employee who had recently returned from doctoral studies in Britain – she might have a helpful perspective on BRAC’s success. She said she had expected to find a saint or a genius around every corner, but in the end, that wasn’t the case. The answer was “common sense” – everything BRAC has achieved came about, she said, through the application of common sense. I put that in the book, but in truth Abed did have the versatility of genius, a talent for applying common sense in a world where the concept is largely unknown and an ability to unlock doors long closed to innovation, justice and human development.

Abed never rested on well-deserved laurels; he always argued that “big” is essential in confronting poverty. Most ambitious people, however, leave a trail of wreckage and animosity behind them. With Abed, it was quite the opposite, and that too must be part of BRAC’s success – his unflappability in the face of tremendous odds and personal tragedy, his ability to build and to bring diverse people and resources together in common cause.

Sir Christopher Wren, visiting the construction site for St. Paul’s Cathedral, is said to have asked a stonemason what he was doing. “I’m cutting stone,” the man said. Further along, Wren asked another stonemason what he was doing. He replied, “I’m building a cathedral.” Abed was both Christopher Wren and the stonemason, and while BRAC in it many manifestations will continue to thrive, the legacy will always be his: Abed, Master Builder.

Ian Smillie is a development professional and foreign aid critic.

Monday, March 1, 2021